"Data-Driven Thinking" is written by members of the media community and contains fresh ideas on the digital revolution in media.
Today’s column is written by Ephraim (Jeff) Bander, president and chief revenue officer at Sticky.
Digital media has a persistent language problem. In particular, a huge gap exists between brand advertisers’ stated RFP goals and publishers’ available reporting.
"Oftentimes, we get these RFPs that say, ‘We want to increase recognition as a leader in the consultancy space,’ and the KPI is click-through rate,” Brendan Spain, the US commercial director at the Financial Times, told AdExchanger in November.
The chasm between brand goals and publisher metrics will only further widen as cross-device usage increases, the Internet of Things accelerates and traditional media spend moves toward digital. The good news is that publishers and ad tech providers across the industry are helping close the gap with new and emerging solutions around attention, content engagement and motivation-based audience analytics.
To close the gap, let’s first frame brands’ needs and focus on educating this industry’s growing infrastructure of people. Only with an informed, aligned community can we develop and accelerate real, actionable solutions.
Digital’s Shift From A Direct Response Machine To A Branding Vehicle
Q: What is your favorite color?
Half-jokingly, this feels reminiscent of conversations today about campaign performance. While brands’ key performance indicators (KPIs) speak to broader goals around awareness and connection with consumers, digital grew up on direct response metrics, such as impressions and clicks.
But as brands abort interruptive direct-response ad tactics and embrace content as their primary vehicle to engage consumers, these legacy metrics have increasingly become irrelevant and obsolete. They provide no qualitative insight into audiences reached, to their changing sentiment toward the brand or to the impact to consumers’ increased (or decreased) likelihood to buy.
Defining What Branding Success Means in Digital
We need to take a hard look at what advertisers and agencies really want to measure, and not become complacent with what is easy to measure.
This exercise in and of itself can be a challenge, because top brands will give different answers.
For example, when asked about Unilver’s KPIs, Marc Mathieu, the company’s global marketing SVP, reported, “On the one hand, [it’s] growing the business and growing market share but also doing it through the power of brands, so [it’s] growing brand equity and driving successful innovations.”
On the other hand, Gawain Owen, digital lead at Nestlé UK and Ireland, reported that the core KPI for the awareness part of Nestlé’s programmatic branding campaign was targeting new audiences while keeping viewability higher than 70%. And finally, Danone Belgium defined its KPI through a master engagement score based on a wide range of real-time data, ranging from browsing behavior to demographics.
How do we reconcile brands’ varying definitions of branding success in digital if they all have different business goals and objectives? While we will never be able to come to a standard definition, it helps to understand what brands are universally trying to accomplish and help them answer the right questions, such as:
- Did I connect with the right audience?
- Am I reaching them when they are most receptive to my message?
- Did I tell the right story?
- Did my campaign elicit positive feelings and progress our brand’s relationship with consumers?
- Am I helping my consumers make better, faster purchase decisions?
Publishers and their technology partners must first align their product strategy to these brand goals and objectives before going to market with digital ad and measurement solutions. Only when campaign success can be triangulated back to answering the above questions can we move on.
Educating The Incoming Traditional Media Players
Digital ad spending is forecasted to grow 17.2% this year to nearly $160 billion, according to Magna Global, and increase by 13.5% in 2016. By the the end of 2017, digital is expected to overtake TV as the biggest advertising category.
Underneath digital’s growth is an expanding infrastructure of people who need continued education. While traditional media organizations in print, radio and TV increasingly understand the vital role of digital, their skills and thinking around measurement need to undergo a major shift.
For instance, here is a job description for a media buyer that was posted last month. While it includes fairly standard responsibilities, such as contacting media representatives and accessing media database to research available options for media placement, it also specifies, “Potential to purchase other media, such as Pandora and/or programmatic TV and radio.”
For those who grew up on traditional metrics, such as gross rating points (GRPs), there will be a steep learning curve to digital. It’s incumbent upon the industry to help newcomers connect the dots to digital. Additionally, from their traditional media expertise, they can apply a wealth of innovative new thinking around how to close the gap between brand and publisher measurement in digital.
The digital media industry has long tried to run before it can walk when it comes to measurement, resulting in entirely different spoken languages between brands and publishers. To avoid further entangling ourselves, defining a proper framework behind brands’ goals and objectives and ensuring alignment among an expanding infrastructure of people need to come first.