In 2018, digital media startups crashed and burned, unable to sustain their business models amidst changing social media algorithms, fickle readers and advertisers.
Facebook’s fickleness sunk LittleThings and Mic, and contributed to layoffs at Upworthy. When the social network stopped reliably sending readers its way, those publishers couldn’t hang on. Mic first saw traffic from Facebook decline, then the same network hit the knockout blow by not renewing a Facebook Watch deal that would have served as a lifeline.
Meanwhile, the old guard sought refuge with billionaires. Salesforce founder Marc Benioff snapped up Time, Thai businessman Chatchaval Jiaravanon bought Fortune and biotech magnate Patrick Soon-Shiong bought the Los Angeles Times this year, joining notable billionaires like Jeff Bezos (The Washington Post) and Laurene Powell Jobs (The Atlantic) in owning a media property.
Companies without a benefactor sought to hang on by diversifying. Publishers like Bloomberg, Condé Nast’s Vanity Fair and Wired and New York Media erected paywalls. Publishers like BuzzFeed sold products and others started affiliate programs.
Finally, programmatic revenue streams rose in importance, as publishers like Vox Media tried to scale up high-end ad experiences with Concert.
Here’s a look back at the way publishing transformed in 2018.
February: LittleThings shuts down. The four-year-old producer of uplifting content distributed across social media saw its traffic plummet 75% after Facebook changed its algorithm to focus on content from friends and family.
Also, Condé Nast added a paywall to Wired.
March: Vice brought in Nancy Dubuc to serve as CEO. The former A&E Networks exec stepped in after the company faced allegations of a culture of sexual harassment and reportedly missed earnings projections of $805 million by more than $100 million.
April: RockYou buys LittleThings. RockYou specializes in squeezing profit out of mobile gaming apps with declining audiences, and saw an opportunity to turn around distressed media properties, too, in part by cutting costs, CEO Lisa Marino told AdExchanger later that year.
Condé Nast erected another paywall, on Vanity Fair.
Vox Media pushes for diversification by recruiting more publishers to its own ad tech platform Concert, which offers unique, video-focused ad creatives and touts better context and engagement than social media.
June: Biotech billionaire Patrick Soon-Shiong completes his purchase of the Los Angeles Times and The San Diego Union-Tribune from Tronc. He calls fake news a “cancer of our time,” and plans to mount a West Coast alternative to The New York Times and The Washington Post.
June: RockYou snapped up CafeMedia’s publishing portfolio. CafeMedia continued to sell ads, but decided managing publishers’ ads is a better business than creating content.
July: Bryan Goldberg scooped up Gawker in a bankruptcy auction for $1.5 million, the first of two distressed media properties he’d bring into his fold in 2018.
August: Upworthy lays off 40% of staff, or 31 people, and president Eli Pariser and editor-in-chief Liz Heron left. Like LittleThings, it also saw traffic drop due to Facebook
September: Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff and his wife Lynne Benioff buy Time for $190 million.
October: Lenny Letter, the newsletter founded by “Girls” creator Lena Dunham and Jenni Konner, shut down after three years. Condé Nast and Hearst had sold ads for the feminist publication.
November: After laying off its editorial staff, Mic sold for $5 million to Bustle Digital Group. The sale represented a 95% drop from its previous valuation of $100 million. “The company simply failed to reach scale with an audience,” opined AdExchanger contributor and Tubular Labs CEO Rob Gabel.
November: Thai billionaire Chatchaval Jiaravanon acquires Fortune for $150 million.
November: BuzzFeed CEO Jonah Peretti floats the idea of a digital media merger in an interview with The New York Times. Peers like Vice, Vox Media, Refinery29 and Group Nine could band together to negotiate with Facebook and Google, he said.
November: Rookie Magazine, an eight-year-old magazine for teen girls, closed its doors. Founder Tavi Gevinson decided not to take on funding, ask for subscriptions, pivot or scale – and was left with the option to close down, integrity intact. “Digital media has become an increasingly difficult business, and Rookie in its current form is no longer financially sustainable," she said.
November: Condé Nast CEO Bob Sauerberg departs, with no successor, amidst a challenging media climate.
November: Three years after acquiring Recode, Vox Media folded the site back into Vox.com. Traffic for the standalone brand had declined by half.
December: Verizon takes a $4.6 billion writedown on Oath unit, three months after its head, Tim Armstrong, said he would leave at the end of the year, and six months after $658 million in writedowns from Go90’s failure. While most other publishers struggled this year because they lost access to social media distribution, Oath floundered because Verizon decided not to connect its mobile carrier data to Oath’s content – a vision that AT&T is pursuing with Xandr and WarnerMedia.